Science, COVID-19 Vaccine, Chandrayaan-2 Mission
What comes to your mind when you hear the word science? Is it the recently launched Chandrayaan-2 Mission or the international space station (ISS) or the process going around all worlds to invent COVID-19 Vaccine? You even might think of basic things just like the electricity or the electronic screen on which you are currently reading this article, but actually, science is not about some particular thing it is about the way everything is developed and it works.
The word science is derived from a Latin word Scientia, meaning ‘knowledge’. Science is the name of the subject which comprises of all the systematic and organized knowledge of all-natural and non-natural activities going all around the globe, supported by experiments and keen observation.
Science is broadly classified into Physical science, Earth Science and Life Science. Physical science basically comprises of the theories that explain the physical aspects of earth and their behavior. It comprises of Astronomy, Physics, and Chemistry. Earth science deals with the composition and functioning of natural assets of earth i.e. Sea, Rivers, Volcanoes, Etc. It includes geology, oceanography, meteorology, and paleontology. Finally, life science includes the knowledge of the origin and functioning of anything and everything which has a life.
The development of science actually dates back to the origin of humans. Since the origin of human beings, we had been always curious about the structure and functioning of everything possible. Science and its development have made a long way since the origin of human being, but the major breakthrough in the development of science and technology is considered in the 20th century when the mankind discovered aircraft, missiles, telecommunication, satellites, walked on the moon, computers, laptops, the internet was all possible in the 20th century. As time ascends in the 21st century we humans are achieving the heights of technology day by day starting with smartphones, smartwatches, cheap and fast data so it is accessible to all.
Currently with the help of technology like weather satellites, deep-sea sonar systems, heavy drilling machines, image formation technology, Artificial Intelligence, etc. we are now even capable to entangle those theories of formation and evolution of Earth and human beings that were not possible any earlier. Technology has helped human beings in understanding many difficult problems and eases their life but its extensive use shows that it has few disadvantages too.
There were many times when this science and technology had been used against humanity for the specific advantages of a few. Just like the 20th century witnessed two massive wars in history namely WW I and WW II, and the 1944 Hiroshima, Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Blast uncountable lives were lost during that period. Now even in the 21st century also the extensive industrialization has led to extensive pollution and disruption in nature. We, humans, are using this high-end tech to harness nature for our benefit effectively destroying nature and its balance. Resulting in massive natural disasters such as huge wildfires, landslides, untimely rain, cyclones, tsunamis are common these days.
Thus, science and technology should be used very carefully, failing of which may even have fatal results.
Written By: Jatin Jain B.Tech