Europa the moon of Jupiter

Published by Rahul Aggrawal on

Europa-moon of Jupiter

Europa the moon of Jupiter

Europa is one of the Galilean moons of Jupiter. The surface of Europa is solidified, secured with a layer of ice, however, researchers think there is a sea underneath the surface.

 Specialists utilizing the Hubble Space Telescope recognized a conceivable water tuft flying from Europa’s south polar locale in 2012.

A few shuttle have done flybys of Europa (counting Pioneers 10 and 11 and Voyagers 1 and 2 during the 1970s). The Galileo rocket completed a long haul mission at Jupiter and its moons somewhere in the range of 1995 and 2003.

Both NASA and the European Space Agency plan missions to Europa and different moons that would leave Earth during the 2020s.

Europa is estimated to be about 4.5 billion years old, about the same age of Jupiter.Europa’s distance from the sun is about 485 million miles (or 780 million kilometers).

Europa is Jupiter’s sixth satellite. Its orbital distance from Jupiter is 414,000 miles (670,900 km). It takes Europa three and a half Earth-days to orbit Jupiter. Europa is tidally locked, so the same side faces Jupiter at all times.

Europa is 1,900 miles (3,100 km) in diameter, making it smaller than Earth’s moon, but larger than Pluto. It is the smallest of the Galilean moons.

Europa’s surface temperature at the equator never rises above minus 260 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 160 degrees Celsius). At the poles of the moon, the temperature never rises above minus 370 F (minus 220 C).

To be continued….

Europa-moon of Jupiter

Description: This image shows a view of the trailing hemisphere of Jupiter’s ice-covered satellite, Europa, in approximate natural color. Long, dark lines are fractures in the crust, some of which are more than 3,000 kilometers (1,850 miles) long. The bright feature containing a central dark spot in the lower third of the image is a young impact crater some 50 kilometers (31 miles) in diameter. This crater has been provisionally named “Pwyll” for the Celtic god of the underworld. Europa is about 3,160 kilometers (1,950 miles) in diameter, or about the size of Earth’s moon. This image was taken on September 7, 1996, at a range of 677,000 kilometers (417,900 miles) by the solid state imaging television camera onboard the Galileo spacecraft during its second orbit around Jupiter. The image was processed by Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuerLuftund Raumfahrt e.V., Berlin, Germany source:

Author: NASA/JPL/DLR .

Rahul Aggrawal

I am a teacher and a theoretical physicist. Physics gives me pleasure and teaching physics gives me stable happiness. For More info visit


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